By William Edward Maxwell
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Additional info for A Manual of Malay Language, with the Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay
1 From this subject it is natural to proceed to another disputed etymology, namely, the origin of the word Jawi, which is often used by the Malays for the word Malayu in speaking of their language and written character, bahasajawi meaning Malay language, and sural jawi a document written in Malay. go into all the various conjectures on the subject, which will be found in the works of Marsden, It is not necessary to Crawfurd, Favre, and others. Jawi is a word of Arab origin, and is formed in accordance the noun Jawa, Java.
MANUAL OF THE MALAY LANGUAGE. 50 Other words similarly employed are Abang (elder brother) or wall (uncle), to a man older than the speaker. Kakak (elder sister), to a woman older than the speaker. Adek (younger brother). Inche (sir or madam), to respectable persons of either sex. Examples. When I If did you arrive ? (to a haji) Bila-mana tuan sudah tibaf must ask one thing of you (to a raja) Sahaya handak minta satu kapada tunku. you give the order (to a chief) Jikalau datoh suroh. not be angry (to an elderly man) Jangan abang marah.
The accentuation of the spoken dialect differs so much from Arabic, that it is difficult, even for native writers, to decide when to write the long vowels This is the point in which out. and when to leave them diversity is most common. Every European author who writes Malay in the Roman what system he intends to render the native language by means of our alphabet. The Malay character has to decide on alphabet has thirty-four letters, so not accurately correspond with it. it is obvious that ours will open to him, if he wishes to obtain a symbol to correspond with every letter of the Malay alphabet, to employ various means to denote those It is which we have no equivalents; or he may dismiss the native alphabet from his mind altogether, and determine to write the language phonetically.
A Manual of Malay Language, with the Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay by William Edward Maxwell