By William E. French
The mining growth that started in northern Mexico within the Nineties set in movement primary social switch. at the one hand it uprooted many staff, and the worries of presidency officers, middle-class, reformers, and corporate managers coalesced into legislation and courses to manage the stressed lots. yet adjustments within the mining economic system and political tradition additionally induced type cognizance between retailers and artisans in addition to expert and unskilled staff. This examine of the Hidalgo mining district in Chihuahua from the Nineties to the Twenties examines category formation, particularly its relation to social regulate, renowned values, and pre-industrial traditions. In arguing that category identification stemmed much less from the character of one's paintings than from the ideals one held, this paintings brings jointly the disparate issues of ethical economic system of mine employees, new mining know-how, and the administration coverage of mine proprietors throughout the Mexican Revolution.
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Additional resources for A Peaceful and Working People: Manners, Morals, and Class Formation in Northern Mexico
Working-class women, for example, by wearing fine clothing, violated middle-class notions of women's appropriate behavior, thus overturning the social hierarchy. Likewise, working-class men used Sunday clothing to proclaim their equality and celebrated weddings and other ritual occasions with great expense, displaying what the gente decente considered irrational behavior. Through these acts, both men and women asserted for themselves an equality that their social superiors were quick to deny. 4 The first is the central role played by moral or "cultural," rather than economic, criteria in dividing society into groups.
Rather than rely solely on laboring for a wage, a substantial number of workers retained their ties to the land and maintained their loyalties to rural communities. They utilized wages earned in the mines and railroad camps of northern Mexico and the southwestern United States to supplement a subsistence existence on land they owned or worked; these men clung stubbornly to preindustrial values. Managers complained bitterly of their transience and their propensity to disappear during peak periods of the agricultural cycle.
The journey that eventually resulted in this book began at the University of Calgary, where a fine program in Latin American history kindled my interest in Mexico. Since that time, I have enjoyed the friendship and encouragement of Chris Archer and Herman Konrad; a timely suggestion by Graham Knox helped me decide my future. I am thankful for their support and that I often find myself back in Calgary. At the University of Texas at Austin I accumulated many debts, both personal and academic. In their respective seminars, Richard Graham helped show me what history could be about while Dr.
A Peaceful and Working People: Manners, Morals, and Class Formation in Northern Mexico by William E. French