By David Seddon
This reference quantity is the definitive consultant to the economics and politics of the center East. It presents transparent definitions detailing phrases, ideas, names and corporations utilized in relation to present financial or political views within the heart East. Entries outline, clarify and provides extra proper info on nations, areas, ethnic teams, political events, enterprises, regulations and disputes.
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Extra info for A Political and Economic Dictionary of the Middle East
Supplanted in 1972 by his cousin (and Prime Minister) Khalifa ibn Hamad, who in 1977 named his own son, Hamad ibn Khalifa, as crown prince. A political and economic dictionary of the middle east 32 Alignment Bloc-Maarach An alliance formed between the Israel Labour Party and Mapam in 1969, after the former had been established in 1968 by Mapai, the dominant partner, Achdut HaAvoda and most of Rafi. Mapam and the Labour Party retained their own organizations and memberships after the Alignment, but shared a common platform in elections to the Knesset, the Histadrut, and local government offices.
The Council has 144 members, one-third of whom are appointed by the President, the remainder being elected by indirect vote. Members serve six-year terms and the Constitution requires one-half of the Council to be renewed every three years. Elections to the Council of the Nation were last held on 30 December 2000, and were due to be held in 2003. The legal system is based on French law and Islamic Law; judicial review of legislative acts takes place in an ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials, including several Supreme Court justices.
African Union (AU) The AU replaced the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in July 2002. The AU aims to support unity, solidarity, and peace among African states. Members include: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Mauritania and Tunisia. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) was admitted to the OAU in February 1982, but its membership was disputed by Morocco and other states. Morocco withdrew from the OAU with effect from October 1985 and has not applied to join the AU. The SADR ratified the Constitutive Act in December 2000 and is a full member of the AU.
A Political and Economic Dictionary of the Middle East by David Seddon