Download e-book for kindle: A Study of international fisheries research by World Bank

By World Bank

ISBN-10: 0821319876

ISBN-13: 9780821319871

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Extension of national jurisdiction. As the maximum sustainable yields from the most easily obtainable stocks of fish were reached, the industrial countries (as well as a few developing ones) intensified their efforts in distant waters. The presence of large foreign fleets in countries' near-shore waters stimulated a move for change in the law of the sea. By the end of the 1970s this had culminated in the extension of jurisdiction over fishery resources to 200 nautical miles off the coast. This extension of jurisdiction had profound effects for both industrial and developing countries.

These conflicts occur because, without use rights, there are no mechanisms for allocating either the fishing grounds or the resources among the competing user groups. In these situations, technological innovations tend to have perverse effects. There is pressure to adopt innovations that allow fishers to intercept stocks at earlier stages in their life cycles, although postponing harvest to later stages and larger sizes can lead to considerable economic gains. But this is not possible without enforceable controls on the place and time of harvesting.

An important step would be to develop an accurate quantitative picture of the real significance of losses in terms of global production. Interactions between communities and their resources must be studied and the role of women fully recognized. In 1991 ICLARM produced a plan for an international fisheries research institute that would under-take strategic research at an international level. The SIFR concluded that research at the international level should be directed into four main areas: resource conservation and management, fish productivity, processing and utilization, and socioeconomics.

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A Study of international fisheries research by World Bank


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