Download PDF by Ecmt: Airports As Multimodal Interchange Nodes (Ecmt Round Table)

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ISBN-10: 9282103390

ISBN-13: 9789282103395

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Truck flights augmenting scheduled airline capacity in Europe There is an inevitable concern that transportation users could be deceived when cargo is moved by road rather than by air. From an institutional perspective and, in particular, as a measure of consumer protection, efforts have been made to clearly define when air trucking is a legitimate option for an airline to adopt. In 1971, international airlines through IATA introduced and adopted IATA Resolution 507b, which clearly defined the circumstances under which trucking could be undertaken: 30 • Where there is a lack of available space on aircraft; • Where consignments could not be handled on aircraft operated by an airline due to the size, weight or nature of the consignments (certain commodities may only be shipped in freighter or all-cargo aircraft) or because the carrier refuses carriage on some other grounds; Round Table 126: Airports as Multimodal Interchange Nodes – ISBN 92-821-0339-0 - © ECMT, 2005 • Where the carriage by air will result in delayed transit times or in carriage not being accomplished within 12 hours of acceptance; • Where carriage by air will result in missed connections.

1. The airport/non-competing airlines interface The airline/airport interface has changed radically in the years since airline deregulation. In the past, airlines did not engage in price competition. Market capacity and shares were determined in advance by the airlines. Government price surveillance was lax compared to what happened later under deregulation. Airlines achieved regulatory capture over governments in regard to both the exclusion of new market entrants and efficient price surveillance.

Figure 14. Air trucking in the freight logistics chain Customer Agent Consolidates multiple packages under a single airway bill and delivers to airport Agent Arranges collection and delivery Ground Handler (Bonded space) Airline Line hauls consignment from airport to airport Air Trucker Picks up consignments at bond and delivers to bond at another airport Ground Handler (Bonded space) Destination Air trucking is extensively used in the express operators’ service chain, presented in Figure 15. There is much less outsourcing in this chain than with other forms of air trucking.

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