By Stephen J. Laumakis
During this basically written undergraduate textbook, Stephen Laumakis explains the starting place and improvement of Buddhist rules and ideas, targeting the philosophical principles and arguments provided and defended via chosen thinkers and sutras from a variety of traditions. He begins with a caricature of the Buddha and the Dharma, and highlights the origins of Buddhism in India. He then considers particular information of the Dharma with specific recognition to Buddhist metaphysics and epistemology, and examines the improvement of Buddhism in China, Japan, and Tibet, concluding with the guidelines of the Dalai Lama and Thich Nhat Hanh. In every one bankruptcy he contains reasons of key phrases and teachings, excerpts from basic resource fabrics, and displays of the arguments for every place. His publication should be a useful consultant for all who're attracted to this wealthy and colourful philosophy.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Buddhist Philosophy (Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy)
Whether and how these two basic insights are related to one another we shall consider in more detail in Chapter 5. For the time being, I am introducing them as important elements of an ancient Indian vision of the world, and I am suggesting that early on in the Indian philosophical attempts to understand the meaning and purpose of life as well as the nature of reality it was not thought irrational or illogical to appeal to the ideas of rebirth and kamma as a first and perhaps best and only explanation of the data of experience.
Finally, I think it goes without saying that there are clearly other ways3 of reading and understanding the facts of the biography of the historical Buddha – ways that I have not considered. In fact, I invite and challenge the reader to think about and reflect on these possible alternative readings in order to generate plausible explanations for why the fundamental philosophical ideas and beliefs of this particular man were able, rather easily, to take root in India and flourish throughout Asia and even the rest of the world.
Their pluralistic realism, which involved an atomistic theory of the material world, was rooted in six ontological categories, including: substance, quality, action, universal, particularity, and inherence. They employed these categories to demonstrate the incompatibility of spirit and matter. They also claimed that ‘‘God’’ made the physical world out of preexistent elemental substances. More importantly, they argued that through logical analysis one could arrive at a sound knowledge of all things, including the mind and the true eternal self, and that such knowledge was the only source of liberation from attachment and enslavement to matter.
An Introduction to Buddhist Philosophy (Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy) by Stephen J. Laumakis