By Jeremy Bentham
Based at the assumption that folks search excitement and keep away from discomfort, Bentham's utilitarian point of view types a consultant to ethical decision-making. With the "greatest happiness of the best quantity" as his goal, the writer makes an attempt to spot the resources and kinds of excitement and soreness in addition to the ways that they are often measured in assessing ethical ideas. concerns of intentionality, realization, causes, and inclinations help Bentham's arguments. The textual content concludes along with his survey of function and the position of legislation and jurisprudence, a desirable workout within the conception of social reform that explores conflicts among the pursuits of the bulk and person freedom.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
The pleasures of the touch. 5. The simple pleasures of the ear; independent of association. 6. The simple pleasures of the eye; independent of association. 7. The pleasure of the sexual sense. 8. The pleasure of health: or, the internal pleasureable feeling or flow of spirits (as it is called), which accompanies a state of full health and vigour; especially at times of moderate bodily exertion. 9. The pleasures of novelty: or, the pleasures derived from the gratification of the appetite of curiosity, by the application of new objects to any of the senses.
For the same reason, neither does he think of the fecundity or 34/Jeremy Bentham purity of those pleasures. Thus much for pleasure and pain, happiness and unhappiness, in general. We come now to consider the several particular kinds of pain and pleasure. Chapter V: Pleasures and Pains, Their Kinds I. Having represented what belongs to all sorts of pleasures and pains alike, we come now to exhibit, each by itself, the several sorts of pains and pleasures. Pains and pleasures may be called by one general word, interesting perceptions.
By the pleasures of wealth may be meant those pleasures which a man is apt to derive from the consciousness of possessing any article or articles which stand in the list of instruments of enjoyment or security, and more particularly at the time of his first acquiring them; at which time the pleasure may be styled a pleasure of gain or a pleasure of acquisition: at other times a pleasure of possession. 3. The pleasures of skill, as exercised upon particular objects, are those which accompany the application of such particular instruments of enjoyment to their uses, as cannot be so applied without a greater or less share of difficulty or exertion.
An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation by Jeremy Bentham