Anomia: neuroanatomical and cognitive correlates - download pdf or read online

By Harold Goodglass, Arthur Wingfield

ISBN-10: 0080527272

ISBN-13: 9780080527277

ISBN-10: 0122896858

ISBN-13: 9780122896859

Anomia is the lack to entry spoken names for gadgets, quite often linked to the aged or people with mind harm to the left hemisphere. Anomia deals the state of the art evaluation of problems of naming, written by way of stated specialists from world wide, approached from either medical and theoretical viewpoints. Goodglass, recognized world wide for his examine in aphasia and speech pathology, edits Read more...

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Extra info for Anomia: neuroanatomical and cognitive correlates

Sample text

Even though "connectionist" or "neural network" models of cognitive processes have been proferred as radical replacements for the classical theories, they still typically coopt the notion of these units and their properties. , 1996; or perhaps even nontransparent representations have been attributed to nodes, such as may occur in the hidden unit layer of many models); (b) the connections between units have been assigned weights, so they play an active role in processing; and (c) the assignment of these connection weights is done through learning, not by an outside dictate.

In the following chapter, Daniel Tranel, Hanna Damasio, and Antonio Damasio bring to bear the results of new lesion studies and state-of-the-art functional imaging studies on one of the most fundamental issues in anomia: impairments in basic object naming (nonunique concrete entities), impairments in retrieval of proper names (unique concrete entities), and impairments in retrieval of action names. REFERENCES Goldstein, K. (1948). Language and language disturbances. New York: Grune and Stratton.

51 2. Models of Naming Asymptotic Activation Activity Time Figure 4 Activation function for a single unit, at a single level. (Figure ©1996 Intelligence Amplification, Inc. ) 5. If a node is "sufficiently" activated, it a. then reaches a "threshold" and then sends activation on to a subsequent stage (can broadcast to a subsequent stage); b. can inhibit all other nodes at that level (see the suggestion made for semantic-level nodes by Nickels and Howard (1994). c. may get additional activation added, as a bonus for reaching a certain level of activation (as Dell has suggested occurs at the lexical level).

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Anomia: neuroanatomical and cognitive correlates by Harold Goodglass, Arthur Wingfield


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