Download e-book for kindle: Aquinas and the Jews by John Y.B. Hood

By John Y.B. Hood

ISBN-10: 0812215230

ISBN-13: 9780812215236

Hood's research contends that Aquinas's writings stay proof against or skeptical of anti-Jewish developments in thirteenth-century theology. Aquinas units out just to make clear and systematize bought theological and canonistic teachings at the Jews.

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For Christians, Jews were eternal strangers. The dietary regulations of the Mosaic Law severely limited the opportunity for Christians and Jews to engage in that most basic act of fellowship, the sharing of food. Confessional differences precluded intermarriage, so there were no family bonds to mitigate religious tensions. Jews worshipped on Friday evening and Saturday, and their language of worship was Hebrew, a mysterious tongue which inspired awe and fear among Christians. Many Christians believed that Hebrew was the primeval language spoken by Adam and Eve, but it was also regarded as the language of magic and sorcery.

Plenitude potestatis is the doctrine that universal sovereignty, both spiritual and temporal, was given to Peter by Christ—sovereignty over all human beings, not just Christians. 28 In the i23os the papacy began doing just that. But the popes were not the first ecclesiastical officials to intervene in the internal religious affairs of the Jews. Ironically, the Church first violated Jewish religious autonomy when a group of Jews in Provence asked the local Dominicans to take action in the "Maimonides controversy," a dispute between Proven9al rabbis and others who believed Maimonides' philosophical speculations had led him into heresy, and his defenders, mostly Spanish intellectuals, who claimed his writings were compatible with orthodox Judaism.

His translation of the Bible (the "Vulgate" edition) was the version used by most medieval scholars, and his erudite commentaries on Scripture were widely studied, both in their original form and via the copious extracts included in the Glossa ordinaria. Though, like Augustine, Jerome accepted the three central axioms of patristic thought on Judaism and the Jews—a prefigurative interpretation of the Old Testament, the theory that Christians had replaced Jews as the chosen people, and the belief that Jews were being punished by God—in other ways his views differed from Augustine's both in tone and substance.

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Aquinas and the Jews by John Y.B. Hood

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