By G. Underwood (Auth.)
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Extra resources for Attention and Memory
On the other hand, if PAS can hold four short words then the modality effect should be more extensive. They tested this prediction by having subjects recall lists of one-syUable and four-syUable words which were presented either visually or aurally. Whereas the final few items were recalled more successfully when presen ted auraUy rather than visually, this advantage held for about the same number of items in the Hst regardless of the length of those items. The auditory advantage spans about three items in both the case of one-syUable and four-syUable words.
The relative effects of these suffixes suggest the general conclusion that the effect is proportional to the extent of physical similarity between suffix and Hst. A suffix spoken by a totally different voice to the list has the least effect upon recall, and a suffix Immediate (Sensory) Memory 33 spoken in the same voice has the greatest effect. Again, however, this result may be due to the acoustic trace of a suffix having a larger effect upon the acoustic traces of the final recall items when those traces coincide, or it may be due to the physical differentiation between relevant and irrelevant items being more difficult when the suffix is spoken by the same voice as the list.
Immediate (Sensory) Memory 3 4 5 6 29 7 Serial position in the presentation Fig. 13. The effect of delaying a suffix on an auditorily presented stimulus list. ) then its effect should be restricted to the items in the echoic store, the final one or two items in the list. Figs. 13 indicate that this is not the case. The effect of the suffix is greatest at the final serial position, but is also evident in the earlier list positions, suggesting that the suffix operates in a more profound way upon the storage of the list than simply disrupting a limited capacity acoustic store.
Attention and Memory by G. Underwood (Auth.)