By Susan Sontag
Después de Contra l. a. interpretación (1968) y Estilos radicales (1969), en Bajo el signo de Saturno (1980) se encuentran reunidos una serie de ensayos magníficos los dedicados a Antonin Artaud y a Leni Riefensthal cuyo hilo conductor es los angeles discusión sobre las frágiles relaciones entre ethical y estética. Defensora de los angeles independencia del arte respecto a las rules de sus creadores «una obra de arte es una cosa en el mundo, no un texto o comentario sobre el mundo», en esta ocasión Susan Sontag habla sobre algunos de los artistas y pensadores más influyentes de nuestra period. «Esteta enamorada y moralista obsesiva, tal y como se describía a sí misma, Sontag, más que muchos otros escritores de su generación, consideraba l. a. tarea cotidiana de pensar y sentir como aspectos dialéticos mutuos. Al depurar esa sensibilidad mientras se ocupaba de los temas más controvertidos de su época, Sontag ha creado un corpus de un mérito ejemplar.» The Boston Globe
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Extra info for Bajo El Signo De Saturno
Nietzsche shows that no moral naturalism is possible – he insists in rejecting what is known since David Hume as the false deduction of any “ought” from what “is”. Instead, Ethics must begin with the “dehumanization of nature” and the correlative “naturalization of man”, which do not presuppose an order in nature, upon which ethics could be grounded. Ethics must give a new meaning to the concepts of man and nature. This is (in this context) the meaning of Nietzsche’s concept of “overman”, of whom his Zarathustra says that he is “the meaning of the earth” (ZA Prologue 3).
The task of “dehumanizing nature” and “naturalizing man” has, for Nietzsche, both a regulative and a methodical character. Its methodical guiding principle is the “economy of principles”, Ockham’s principle of economy28. However, both aspects of the process should not be separated; they represent for Nietzsche one and the same task. Yet, at the same time, he distinguishes them as phases (“dehumanizing nature and then naturalising man”, my emphasis). One should understand their particular type of unity as conceptual and temporal, or dialectical and processual, or else as the unity of two counter-movements29.
Spiekermann says that the physicist Max Planck, like Nietzsche before him, had attempted to develop a new reflective-critical tendency very far removed from positivistic and reductionistic attempts at an objective knowledge of nature formed only on the basis of facts instead of interpretations – for he agreed with Nietzsche in that the overcoming of anthropomorphism is only partially possible. Thus, according to Spiekermann, the only thing left is to conjure up the anthropomorphic character of all knowledge concerning man and yet, to keep nature strongly in mind.
Bajo El Signo De Saturno by Susan Sontag