By Frederick O. Stephens, Karl Reinhard Aigner
"Basics of Oncology" presents an simply understood and common evaluate of the fundamental scientific, medical and scientific elements of melanoma. reasons, pathology, scientific positive aspects, diagnostic investigations, remedies and results are all rigorously defined and mentioned, either for cancers generally and for the typical cancers in person nations. The reader will thereby be supplied with an realizing of ways and why humans boost melanoma, how the physique reacts to melanoma, what may be performed to avoid the disorder, and the way a number of the cancers are top clinically determined and handled. The booklet will function a valid foundation for the extra particular or particular reports that could be wanted in several parts of perform and in numerous nations. it will likely be useful for college students of drugs, nurse oncologists, scholars of scientific sciences and different well-being execs in all elements of the world.
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Lung cancer has become increasingly common in communities where cigarette smoking is prevalent. It most frequently occurs between the ages of 40 and 60, because it takes some years for the damaging effects of tobacco carcinogens to cause changes in the air passages that lead to cancer. Breast cancer may affect women of any age but it is uncommon in women under the age of 30. Thereafter it increases in incidence with increasing age, having a mean of about 60 years. The incidence of stomach and colo-rectal cancers increases with age, reaching a peak between 60 and 75 years.
Cancer of the oesophagus is more common in men, especially cancer of the middle and lower oesophagus; however, cancer of the upper oesophagus is more likely to occur in women. Primary liver cancer is four times more common in men than women. For some unknown reason, the incidence of cancer of the pancreas has increased in the US and in other Western countries, especially in men and mostly in men who smoke cigarettes. It is now also being seen more frequently in women, especially in women who are smokers.
Lycopene is one of the beta-carotene anti-oxidants and is responsible for the red colour of tomatoes. Laboratory studies suggest it may have protective properties against a number of cancers including cancers of the prostate, breast, lung, stomach, pancreas and bowel. 9 Stomach Cancer Early in the twentieth century, cancer of the stomach was much more common than it is today. The reason for the decreasing incidence is not completely understood but it has been suggested that it may be associated with the increased use of refrigeration and less use of artificial chemical preservatives such as pickling and salt curing of meats and vegetables.
Basics of Oncology by Frederick O. Stephens, Karl Reinhard Aigner